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William H. Page

Marshall M. Criser Eminent Scholar in Electronic Communications and Adminstrative Law



Mailing Address:
Box #117620 Gainesville, FL 32611


(352) 273-0929

(352) 392-3005

William H. Page is Marshall M. Criser Eminent Scholar at the University of Florida Levin College of Law. He is the author, with John Lopatka, of The Microsoft Case: Antitrust, High Technology, and Consumer Welfare (University of Chicago Press 2007) and the current co-author, with John Lopatka and Joseph Bauer, of the Kintner Federal Antitrust Law treatise (LexisNexis). He has published numerous influential articles on antitrust law and economics, with emphasis on the Microsoft antitrust litigation, antitrust injury and standing, antitrust remedies, the state action doctrine, class action litigation, and the meaning of concerted action. Professor Page’s scholarship can be found on:


LL.M., University of Chicago; J.D., University of New Mexico (summa cum laude); B.A., Tulane University (cum laude)

Teaching & Scholarship

  • Antitrust, Civil Procedure, Administrative Law, Telecommunications, Local Government, Intellectual Property, Constitutional Law, Energy Policy

Professional Activities

  • University of Florida: Joined College of Law in 2001 as Marshall M. Criser Eminent Scholar in Electronic Communications and Administrative Law.

Prior Educational Positions

  • Mississippi College School of Law (1981-2000). Named J. Will Young Professor of Law in 1991. Boston University School of Law (1979-81); Visiting Professor, 1987-88.
  • Private Practice: Antitrust Division, U.S. Department of Justice, Trial Attorney (1975-78).
  • Organizations: State Bar of New Mexico, American Bar Association (Antitrust Section & Administrative Law and Regulatory Practice Section), Order of the Coif, American Inn of Court, American Law and Economics Association.

Civil Procedure (4 credits) - LAW 5301

  • Analysis of a civil lawsuit from commencement through trial, including consideration of jurisdiction, venue, pleading, motions, discovery and joinder of parties and of claims; right to trial by jury, selection and instruction of jury, respective roles of judge, jury and lawyer; trial and post-trial motions; judgments.

Administrative Law (3 credits) - LAW 6520

  • Analysis of administrative process, with emphasis on activities of federal regulatory agencies. Topics include legislative delegations of authority to agencies, executive branch controls, rulemaking/adjudicatory procedures, due process rights, and scope of judicial review of administrative decision making.

Antitrust Law (3 credits) - LAW 6550

  • An analysis of the legal, economic and policy issues engendered by efforts to prescribe standards of business conduct and preserve competitive market structures under the Sherman Act, Clayton Act, Federal Trade Commission Act, and related legislation.

Telecommunications Law Seminar (3 credits) - LAW 6936

  • The seminar will focus on economic, legal, and policy issues raised by the regulation of communications technologies, including telephony, cable, broadcast, and the Internet. Topics will include the breakup of the Bell System, allocation of the spectrum, requirements of interconnection, pricing of services, and (to a lesser extent) content regulation. The grade will be based on a research paper (and presentation) and class participation.


  • Kintner’s Federal Antitrust Law, 2015 Supplements (LexisNexis, 2015) (with Joseph Bauer & John Lopatka)
  • Kintner Federal Antitrust Law (with Joseph Bauer and John Lopatka) (LexisNexis, 3d ed., 2013)
  • Kintner’s Federal Antitrust Law (11 vols.) Annual Supplements (with Joseph Bauer and John Lopatka) (LexisNexis, 2010-12)
  • The Microsoft Case: Antitrust, High Technology, and Consumer Welfare (University of Chicago Press 2007; paperback and Kindle editions 2009) (with John Lopatka)
  • Kitner's Federal Antitrust Law: Practices Prohibited by the Sherman Act (LexisNexis 2nd ED. 2002) (with Joseph Bauer)
  • Proving Antitrust Damages: Legal and Economic Issues (ABA Antitrust Section publication)

Representative Law Reviews / Journals / Chapters

  • "Optimal Antitrust Penalties: A Synthesis," in Oxford Handbook of International Antitrust Economics (Daniel Sokol and Roger Blair, eds.) (2013)
  • "Antitrust, Innovation, and Product Design in Platform Markets: Microsoft and Intel," (with Seldon J. Childers), in 78 Antitrust Law Journal 363 (2012)
  • "Standard Oil and U.S. Steel: Predation and Collusion in the Law of Monopolization and Mergers," 85 S. California Law Review 657 (2012)
  • "A Neo-Chicago Approach to Concerted Action," 78 Antitrust Law Journal 173 (2012)
  • "Indirect Purchaser Suits After the Class Action Fairness Act: Reconciling Multilayer Interests in Antitrust Litigation," in Collective Actions: Enhancing Access to Justice and Reconciling Multilayer Interests 275 (Stefan Wrbka, ed.) (Cambridge U. Press, 2012)
  • "Facilitating Practices and Concerted Action Under Section 1 of the Sherman Act," in Antitrust Law and Economics (Keith Hylton, ed., Edward Elgar, 2010)
  • "Microsoft and the Limits of Antitrust," Journal of Competition Law and Economics (2010)
  • "Twombly and Communication: The Emerging Definition of Agreement Under the New Pleading Standards," Journal of Competition Law and Economics (2009)
  • "The Gary Dinners and the Meaning of Concerted Action," 62 Southern Methodist University Law Review 597 (2009)
  • "Measuring Compliance with Compulsory Licensing Remedies in the American Microsoft Case," 76 Antitrust Law Journal 239 (2009) (with Seldon J. Childers)
  • "Mandatory Contracting Remedies in the American and European Microsoft Cases," 75 Antitrust Law Journal 787 (2008)
  • "Bargaining in the Shadow of the European Microsoft Decision: The Microsoft-Samba Protocol License," 102 Northwestern University Law Review Colloquy 332 (2008) (with Seldon J. Childers)
  • "Software Development as an Antitrust Remedy: Lessons from the Enforcement of the Microsoft Communications Protocol Licensing Requirement," 14 Michigan Telecommunications and Technology Law Review (2008) (with Seldon J. Childers)
  • "Communication And Concerted Action," 37 Loyloa University Chicago Law Journal (2007)
  • "The Ideological Origins and Evolution of Antitrust Law," New Directions in Antitrust (ABA Antitrust Section, Wayne Dale Collins, Ed., 2007)
  • "Economic Authority and the Limits of Expertise in Antitrust Cases," 90 Cornell Law Review (2005) (with John Lopatka)
  • "Bargaining and Monopolization: In Search of the 'Boundary of Section 2 Liability' between Aspen and Trinko," in 73 Antitrust Law Journal (2005) (with John Lopatka)
  • "Class Certification in the Microsoft Indirect Purchaser Litigation," 1 Journal of Competition Law and Economics 303 (2005)
  • "State Action and the Meaning of Agreement Under the Sherman Act: An Approach to Hybrid Restraints," 20 Yale Journal on Regulation 269 (2003) (with John Lopatka)
  • "'Obvious' Consumer Harm in Antitrust Policy: The Chicago School, the Post-Chicago School, and the Courts," Post-Chicago Developments in Antitrust Law (Antonio Cucinotta, et al., eds., Edward Elgar Pub. Co. 2002) (with John Lopatka)
  • "Devising a Microsoft Remedy that Serves Consumers," 9 George Mason Law Review 691 (2001) (with John Lopatka)
  • "Monopolization, Innovation, and Consumer Welfare," 69 George Washington Law Review 367 (2001) (with John Lopatka)
  • "Internet Regulation and Consumer Welfare: Innovation, Speculation, and Cable Bundling," 52 Hastings Law Journal 891 (2001) (with John Lopatka)