Archive for August 2012 - Levin College of Law Subscribe to RSS Feed

Shared Conservation, Management, and Use of Sea Turtles in Nicaragua, Costa Rica, and Panama: A Synthesis for Policy Makers

The client for this project, The Sea Turtle Conservancy, commissioned from the clinic a white paper that explores the international and domestic legal frameworks for sea turtle conservation in Nicaragua, Costa Rica, and Panama. The goal of this analysis was to reengage these three countries, all of which are critical to the survival of marine […]

Prioritizing Local Communities in the Granting of Concessions for Non-Essential Services for Protected Areas in Costa Rica

This project involved Article 39 of Costa Rica’s Biodiversity Law, which provides for concessions to be granted in protected areas for non-essential services such as guide and food service. The law specifies that the granting of these concessions should prioritize the community but there is a lack of clarity about how this prioritization should be […]

Displacement of Traditional Coastal Communities: Analysis of the Problem and Proposed Solutions

Coastal communities worldwide, many of which rely heavily on fishing as a primary livelihood activity, are in danger of displacement or have already been displaced from their historic locations. Displacement can occur from fisheries collapse, destruction by storm events (hurricanes and tsunamis), shifting coastal land, sea level rise, increasing property values and taxes, and fisheries […]

Community Watershed Protection Through Land-Based Initiatives

Protecting water quality and quantity is a growing concern around the globe. In Costa Rica, community based water providers, which serve close to one million people throughout the country (mostly in the lesser-developed rural regions) are no exception to this concern. The government buying private land for public benefit is nothing new, but as the […]

Manual for Environmental Law Service Learning Pedagogy in Central America and the Dominican Republic

This project focused on the creation of a manual to provide a reference guide to the design and development of contextually appropriate environmental law service learning programs in the DR-CAFTA countries. The manual can also be used a tool to persuade administrators with limited resources of the pedagogical value of these programs. Based on extant […]

Nutrient Management in the Tempisque River Basin, Costa Rica: Synthesis and Recommendations

Located within the Guanacaste region in northwest Costa Rica, the Tempisque River Basin has undergone significant land use changes since 1978 when the Arenal-Tempisque Irrigation Plan commenced. The Plan resulted in a series of flood control and irrigation canals that divert Caribbean bound water across the continental divide to the dry Pacific region, facilitating an […]

Water Storage Dam in the Tempisque Basin: Scoping for Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA)

Hydropower dams currently provide more than 80% of electricity consumed by Costa Rica’s four million residents. During the 1990s more than 30 new dams were built and at least 60 were proposed.  Additional dams are viewed as a mechanism for alleviating irrigation and energy pressures that will be placed on the country due to the […]

Environmental Flow Policy Analysis for the Tempisque River: Employing Stakeholder Driven Data Collection to Inform Water Management Decisions

This project examined a proposed methodology for establishing minimum environmental flows in the Tempisque Basin. The ability to balance ecosystem needs with the needs of society is particularly important in this dry and rapidly developing region. Participants also analyzed the current socio-political framework in which the proposed methodology would be applied, performed a stakeholder analysis […]

Legal, Institutional, and Scientific Challenges for Present and Future Drought Management in the Tempisque Basin

This project focused on short- and long-term drought management in the Tempisque Basin under El Niño and climate change scenarios. While Guanacaste is the driest region in Costa Rica, it is also under extreme pressure from water intensive activities such as agriculture, ranching, and tourism. Practicum participants found that the pressure on water resources, coupled […]

Restoration of the Wetlands in Palo Verde National Park: A Legal and Ecological Analysis

The Palo Verde National Park wetland, one of Central American’s largest, was considered an ecosystem worthy of recognition when Costa Rica ratified the Ramsar Convention on Wetlands of International Importance in 1991. In recent decades, however, significant ecological changes caused by an invasion of the emergent aquatic plant known as cattail (typha) occurred within Palo […]